Indonesian urban slum sanitation MFA

Indonesia MFA
Source: Ken USHIJIMA, Mitsuteru IRIE, Neni SINTAWARDANI, Jovita TRIASTUTI, Umi HAMIDAH, Tadaharu ISHIKAWA, Naoyuki FUNAMIZU, 2012. Sustainable design of sanitation system based on material and value flow analysis for urban slum in Indonesia

This MFA was created in partnership between Japanese and Indonesian universities.  The paper includes MFA and Value Flow Analysis (VFA… new blog?).  In trying to find the affordability to pay for waste services, they found that garbage and excreta costs are 0.7% and 1.1% respectively of per capita income.

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